Dartmoor is an area of outstanding natural beauty covering 400 square miles; the biggest and wildest area of open country in southern England.
Dartmoor was one of the first National Parks to be designated in Britain in 1951. It boasts stark and beautiful moors, huge stone tors and ancient clapper bridges.
Its moorland landscape is characterised by rough grazing land, wooded valleys and distinctive granite tors.
Its famous tors were formed about 280 million years ago as the granite forming Dartmoor cooled down.
In terms of biological interest Dartmoor is of international importance for its blanket bogs, upland heaths, upland oakwoods and cave systems.
An historical landscape, Dartmoor includes the highest concentration of prehistoric stone rows in Britain as well as over 10,000 hectares of surviving Bronze Age field systems. Bronze and Iron Age hut circles and hillforts are visible in several places.
Castle Drogo, near Drewsteignton, is England’s newest castle, completed in 1930. 350 native Dartmoor ponies can still be found living on Dartmoor’s commons, the breed’s survival under the watchful guidance of the Dartmoor Pony Heritage Trust. A further 800 ponies of mixed origin also graze the commons along with cattle and sheep.
Recent research has confirmed Dartmoor as being the single, largest unbroken area of relative tranquillity in southern England !